2020 Disengagement Reports from California

Once again this year, the California DMV has required a so-called Disengagement Report from all companies licensed to test and operate autonomous vehicles on all public roads in California. It is the only report known in the world that provides an objective, albeit limited, look at the state of development of this technology across several dozen manufacturers.

For the period from December 2019 to November 2020, a total of 29 companies reported test drives, four of which (Argo, Atlas Robotics, Deeprooute.AI, and QCraft) reported for the first time for the full year. Thirty-four companies reported no test drives in California, and one other company (KAIZR) did not report at all. Of these 34 companies, seven did not renew their license (Bosch, Changan, Faraday Future, SAIC, Samsung, Torc Robotics, TuSimple).

The figures include the number of kilometers driven and the so-called disengagements. A disengagement is therefore considered to be this action when a safety driver takes control of the autonomous vehicle. This calculation can then be used to determine how long each manufacturer can drive autonomously across all deployed vehicles. While the definition of disengagement gives manufacturers room for interpretation, it is the best set of numbers available to the public today to provide insight into the state of self-driving technologies from various manufacturers. This data reported to the California DMV does not include data from other regions.

This year, Waymo is again in the lead, after Baidu indicated a surprisingly (and presumably cheated) big jump ahead last year. It is striking that Baidu did not report any figures this year.

Waymo saw a big improvement from last year (see 2019 Disengagement Report) from 13,219 miles per disengagement to 29,944 miles. Cruise also jumped from 12,221 miles per disengagement to 28,520 miles. Apple also improved from 118 to 145 miles.

Disengagement Report 2020 – Sorted by Miles driven per Diesengagement

Here are the exact numbers in tabular form.

ManufacturerMilesKmDis-engage-mentsMiles per Dis-engage-mentKm per Dise-ngage-ment
Waymo    628,839 1,006,14221   29,944.69   47,911.50
Cruise    770,049 1,232,07927   28,520.34   45,632.55
AutoX      40,734      65,1742   20,367.00   32,587.20
Pony.AI    225,496    360,79421   10,737.90   17,180.65
Argo.AI      21,037      33,6592   10,518.59   16,829.74
WeRide      13,014      20,8222     6,507.00   10,411.20
DiDi      10,401      16,6422     5,200.75     8,321.19
Nuro      55,370      88,59211     5,033.62     8,053.79
Deeproute.AI      10,018      16,0293     3,339.33     5,342.93
Zoox    102,521    164,03463     1,627.32     2,603.71
QCraft         7,582      12,13116        473.88        758.20
Aurora      12,208      19,53237        329.93        527.90
Lyft      32,731      52,370123        266.11        425.77
Gatik.AI        2,352        3,76311        213.82        342.11
Apple      18,805      30,088130        144.66        231.45
Nissan            395           6314          98.63        157.80
BMW            122          1953          40.67          65.07
Aimotive        2,987        4,779113          26.43          42.29
Mercedes       29,984      47,9741,167          25.69          41.11
NVIDIA        3,033        4,853125          24.26          38.82
Qualcomm        1,727        2,76390          19.19          30.70
SF Motors           875        1,40061          14.34          22.94
Atlas R.             47              7610            4.74            7.58
EasyMile           424           678128            3.31            5.30
Toyota        2,875        4,6001,215            2.37            3.79
Telenav               4                62            2.00            3.20
Udelv             66           10649            1.35            2.16
Ridecell           148           236189            0.78            1.25
Valeo             49              7899            0.49            0.79
TOTAL 1,955,208 3,128,3333,695        529.15        846.64

Cruise drove the most miles this year; Waymo scaled back its test drives by quite a bit.

ManufacturerMilesKilometers
Cruise     770,049  1,232,079
Waymo     628,839  1,006,142
Pony.AI     225,496     360,794
Zoox     102,521     164,034
Nuro       55,370       88,592
AutoX       40,734       65,174
Lyft       32,731       52,370
Mercedes Benz       29,984       47,974
Argo.AI       21,037       33,659
Apple       18,805       30,088
WeRide       13,014       20,822
Aurora       12,208       19,532
DiDi       10,401       16,642
Deeproute.AI       10,018       16,029
QCraft          7,582       12,131
NVIDIA         3,033         4,853
Aimotive         2,987         4,779
Toyota         2,875         4,600
Gatik AI         2,352         3,763
Qualcomm         1,727         2,763
SF Motors            875         1,400
EasyMile            424            678
Nissan             395            631
Ridecell            148            236
BMW             122            195
Udelv              66            106
Valeo              49              78
Atlas Robotics              47              76
Telenav                4                6
TOTAL  1,955,208  3,128,333

For the first time, DMV also shared who initiated the disengagement – the safety driver or the system itself – and where the disengagement occurred – street or highway.

Some of the manufacturers also gave their assessment of the figures:

This article was also published in German.

14 Comments

  1. Now Baidu’s 18,000 miles doesn’t sound like a lie when Cruise claims no disengagements in 200,000 miles. Maybe the CA DMV should verify these numbers, at least the higher numbers. The CA DMV should send people to sit in the car and count the number of disengagements. Do this for a week. Verify that the observed numbers are close to the reported numbers.

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